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What is Nipah Virus? Get know about Symptoms, Causes and Precautions

What is Nipah Virus.

Nipah Virus is a Zoonotic disease that causes severe diseases in animals and humans.

Symptoms of Nipah Virus Infection





Common symptoms of Nipah Virus are like breathing trouble, fever, drowsiness, inflammation of the brain, headache, disorientation, mental confusion, fainting and nausea.  More symptom can be occur in some cases like vomiting, fatigue, blurred vision, stomach pain, choking. Major concern about this disease that Patient can possibly go into COMA after two day as symptom begins.

Causes of Nipah virus infection

Contact with infected pigs, infected other animals or go through contaminated fruits i.e. half-eaten fruits left by fruit bats. Bat urine, fasces, saliva and birthing fluids are the major scope for virus presence.  Even, Direct contact with the infected persons has come suspect cause of plague.

1st Case of Nipah Virus

In 1998 and 1999, the NiV means Nipah Virus has been founded in Malaysia and Singapore respectively. The first time this virus has been spread by fruit eaten by Bats and same related symptoms.  Nipah Virus has been appeared in domestic pigs  and similary found in several species of domestic animals like cats, goats, horses and sheep.  West Bengal was the first state in India in 2001 where Nipah Virus has been founded.

World Health Organization on Nipah Virus

No Vaccine for either humans or animals has been present at the moment. Most important part of treatment is “Intensive Supportive Care” to Infected subject.

Take precautions



  • Ensure Bats don’t eat the food
  • Ensure Bats don’t drop feces on food.
  • Do not eat half-eaten fruits left by fruit bats.
  • Don’t drink toddy which is brewing or brewed in open containers near palm trees.
  • Don’t come in contact with infected person.
  • Use safeguards oneself before coming contact with infected one.
  • Use sanitizes and washes hands thoroughly after getting with infected one.
  • Maintain a distance with the patient.
  • Fruits strewn on the ground should not be eaten.

Doctors Comments on Nipah Virus:

Doctors believe the virus spread fast and are mostly fatal; it is said by the parliamentarian. “The mortality rate is reportedly 70 per cent. The spread of the disease needs to be contained,” Mr Ramachandran wrote in a letter

NiV can also infect pigs and other domestic animals. The natural hosts of the virus are fruit bats of the Pteropodidae Family, Pteropus genus.

The virus is transmitted through direct contact with infected bats, pigs, or from other NiV-infected people. Doctors advise that fruits strewn on the ground should not be eaten, for safety.

Actions by Goverment

Lok Sabha MP and former union minister Mullappally Ramachandran also sought the central government’s intervention to contain the outbreak of what he termed was a “rare and deadly” virus in some parts of Kozhikode district.

Nipah Virus Cases in India




Eight people are suspected to have contracted the virus. They are being monitored in a special ward in Kozhikode Medical College as well as three other hospitals. “Their blood samples have been sent for further confirmation.

Kerala State Health Department officials confirm that as of Monday the viral infection had claimed 3 lives. 50-year-old woman and her male relatives aged 23 and 25 had died due to Nipah virus. The two male relatives died on May 5 and May 18 respectively, the woman died at a private hospital in the district on 19th May 2018 Saturday.




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